If impressed, the female will chase after him, and together, they will sky dance. Length: 39-42 cm Sure, some birds may feature some whiskers above their bills, but none boast the long, perfectly shaped handlebar mustaches of the Inca terns. But, if you ask other birds, dolphins and sea lions, they may tell you (if they could talk) that Inca terns are indeed aggressive. Remember back in #7, I promised to let you in on why dolphins, sea lions, and other birds may think that Inca terns are aggressive? They often do this by diving down and snatching it right out of the mouths of sea lions and dolphins which is pretty daring. You can see the Inca tern if you take a trip to the Pacific coasts of Peru or Chile. Due to these differences, the Inca Tern is the only member of the genus “Larosterna”. Either way, let us know in the comments! The throat and the area below the wattles is pale grey. The tip is made with long fine feathers which fan out on each side of the head. The Inca tern weighs anywhere from 6.35 to 7.40 ounces (180 to 210 g). When you use my links, I may earn an affiliate commission. It depends on who you ask. Inca terns begin laying eggs when they become sexually mature. Inca Tern feeds mainly on small anchovetta (Engraulis ringens) found in the south-eastern Pacific Ocean. Islands are particularly susceptible to the effects of invasive species; for example, free-roaming cats have contributed to the extinction of 33 species on islands. Raptors such as turkey vultures, owls, and peregrine falcons will also eat them. Inca terns are also unique because they do not migrate like other seabirds. They make their nests mainly in the holes, crevices, and burrows of rocky cliffs. But, did you know that the Inca tern’s mustache is much more than just a decoration? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Here we cover 27 interesting Inca tern facts as well as photos and videos. The Inca tern is a semi-precocial species. Raptors such as turkey vultures, owls, and peregrine falcons will also eat them. She also guest blogs on LatinRootsTravel and GringosAbroad. How many eggs does the Inca tern lay? Research has shown that Inca terns with longer mustaches are more drawn to one another and produce more offspring that are larger with better immune responses. Both parents incubate and feed the greyish chicks. I am sure there are plenty of fishermen out there who have some choice nicknames for them. 30 Potoo Facts: The Bird Behind the Meme (7 Potoo Species) Tons of Photos! Check out the next fact. Inca Terns’ numbers depend on food resources and strong storms such as El Niño. 26 of the Most Colorful Birds on the Planet (And Where to Find Them). Ital : Sterna inca 2004) and as bycatch in the artisanal Peruvian drift-net fishery, indicating a level of mortality occurring in this poorly monitored fishery, but only a single individual was killed in 914 sets (Mangel 2012), suggesting that the level of this bycatch is relatively low. 14. Inca terns are unique and beautiful birds—slender with white-tipped gray feathers, a white curly moustache, yellow lips and a bright orange-red bill. FLIGHT: Inca tern populations are threatened due to a number of causes that include overfishing by humans. It is important that these cavities are deep to protect the eggs and chicks from predators. They feed in large flocks on anchovies (Engraulis ringens) in the Humboldt Current system (Murphy 1936) and under stable conditions rear two broods per year. 17% of female body mass; Zav a-laga 1997). Previous: 30 Potoo Facts: The Bird Behind the Meme (7 Potoo Species) Tons of Photos! Suitable nesting habitat is available and Inca Tern breeds along the South American coasts. Inca terns breed along the west coast of South America from northern Peru to central Chile, a region once ruled by the mighty Inca Empire which gives the species its name. Inca Tern follows the fishing boats and is often associated with sea lions and whales when feeding, stealing some food from the marine mammals. Another threat is excessive guano harvesting. Well, the answer is that Inca terns are kleptoparasitic. They This seabird is so named because it inhabits the same range that the ancient Inca Empire once ruled. Inca terns nest together in colonies. Inca Terns breed throughout the year, ... though they will hide the nests more when vultures and other predators are present. I did a little research and can’t find any other names used for the Inca tern unless you want to count kleptoparasite. The strong, long bill is deep red. They are also smart birds because they also follow sea lions, dolphins, whales and fishing boats to scavenge scraps. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases. The inca tern is an agile flier that will swoop and hover before diving after its prey. Inca terns follow fishing boats and often associate with whales and sea lions when feeding, stealing food from these fellow marine mammals. The Inca tern (Larosterna inca) breeds in crevices on talus slopes and cliffs. 18. The Inca tern (Larosterna inca) breeds in crevices on talus slopes and cliffs. Here are a few: A list of Inca tern facts wouldn’t be complete without information about the love relationships between these seabirds. Tern behavior includes an event known as ‘dread’ which is usually early in the breeding season, when all or most of the terns suddenly fly up from the ground to scoop low over the colony site or the sea, to deter predators or apparently for no reason. The inner primaries and secondaries are tipped white. They lay about two eggs which are incubated for four weeks, they hatch as small fluffy grey blobs that fledge in four more weeks. This tern feeds by plunge-diving from the air, after brief flight above the prey, and also by surface-dipping. This is where the cold nutrient-rich Humboldt current flows just off-shore, carrying with it swarms of small ocean fish such as anchovies which the bird feeds on. Inca terns are considered monogamous because pairs do mate only with each other during an annual breeding year. They take turns incubating the eggs for about four weeks. Fr : Sterne Inca 7. RANGE:  Female lays 1-3 eggs. BEHAVIOUR: Cats, rats, and sea lions will eat, or at least attack, Inca terns. Enjoy! This bird is endemic to the Humboldt Current area. Inca terns can live up to 14 years in the wild and 25 years in captivity. If you know of any other names for the Inca tern, let us know in the comments section! Starting at the bill base, a white stripe curls back below the eye, and extends downwards to the neck side. Other articles where Inca tern is discussed: tern: …distinct type of tern, the Inca tern (Larosterna inca), of Peru and northern Chile, bears distinctive white plumes on the side of the head. They feed on many kinds of marine animals, such as fish (anchovetta) and crustaceans. Subadult is browner. Also, if mom and dad Inca terns don’t watch their eggs and chicks closely, large seabirds may find and eat them. For 6 years and explored the Galapagos islands ( and where to find them ) Antiguan stamp the Planet and! Peeking out from under the surface, they will hide the hunting bird from intended. Small fish to survive curly moustache, yellow lips and a bright orange-red bill islands also affect nesting and success! Their food by flying over the water to grab meals with its pointed.... Any other names used for the Inca tern breeds twice a year, with their newly formed bonds by... 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