Mather treated the affected children through prayer and fasting. He attended Boston Latin School, where his name was posthumously added to its Hall of Fame, and graduated from Harvard in 1678 at 16 years of age. Despite the fact that Increase Mather did not support the trials, Cotton Mather documented them (Hovey 531-2). Even though Mather never presided in the jury, he exhibited great influence over the witch trials. Mather set the moral tone in the colonies, and sounded the call for second- and third-generation Puritans, whose parents had left England for the New England colonies of North America, to return to the theological roots of Puritanism. Cotton Mather (February 12, 1663 – February 13, 1728; A.B. Despite condemning the 'Mahometans' as infidels, he viewed the protagonist of the novel, Hayy, as a model for his ideal Christian philosopher and monotheistic scientist. Susannah North Martin died on Proctor’s Ledge because the court thought it found a witch’s tit on her body. The only minister executed for witchcraft, he was smart, athletic, good-looking and catnip to the ladies. But the hangman launched him into eternity anyway. William was probably lucky to have died before three of his daughters were accused of witchcraft. The house they inhabit is her grandmother’s old house, and its history is concurrent with Salem’s haunted past, one of witches and superstition and heresy. (Leviticus 20:27). The court swiftly convicted him. He was thrice married, but of his fifteen children only two survived him. And Sarah Jessica Parker played a ditzy witch in the Walt Disney film Hocus Pocus. Mather, as a Puritan thinker and social conservative, drew on the figurative language of the Bible to speak to contemporary audiences. Mather also tried to convert accused witch Goodwife Glover after she was accused of practicing witchcraft on the Goodwin children. Sitting above them on horseback, Cotton Mather told them Burroughs had received a fair trial. One of the most public displays of their strained relationship appeared during the Salem Witch Trials. He was the grandson of Richard Mather, and the eldest child of Increase Mather and Maria, daughter of John Cotton. He attended the trials, investigated many of the cases himself, and wrote sermons on witchcraft, the Memorable Providences and The Wonders of the Invisible World (1693), which increased the excitement of the people. Husband of Abigail Mather; Elizabeth Mather and Lydia Mather Thinking as he did that the New World had been the undisturbed realm of Satan before the settlements were made in Massachusetts, he considered it natural that the Devil should make a peculiar effort to bring moral destruction on these godly invaders. He used prayer and fasting to deliver himself from evil enchantment; and when he saw ecstatic and mystical visions promising him the Lord's help and great usefulness in the Lord's work, he feared that these revelations might be of diabolic origin. His other writings include A Poem Dedicated to the Memory of the Reverend and Excellent Mr. Urian Oakes (1682); The Present State of New England (1690); The Life of the Renowned John Eliot (1691), later included in Book III of the Magnalia; The Short History of New England (1694); Bonifacius, usually known as Essays To Do Good (Boston, 1710; Glasgow, 1825; Boston, 1845), one of his principal books and one which had a shaping influence on the life of Benjamin Franklin; Psalterium Americanum (1718), a blank verse translation of the Psalms from the original Hebrew; The Christian Philosopher: A Collection of the Best Discoveries in Nature, with Religious Improvements (1721) Parentator (1724), a memoir of his father; Ratio Disciplinae (1726), an account of the discipline in New England churches; Manuductio ad Ministerium: Directions for a Candidate of the Ministry (1726), one of the most readable of his books. Mather took some part as adviser in the Revolution of 1689 in Massachusetts. Brother of Maria Fifield; Elizabeth Byles; Nathaniel Mather; Sarah Walter; Rev. But did you know that Hawthorne had neighbors in Concord, Mass., who were also Salem witch trials descendants? The second issue with Cotton Mather was his influence in construction of the court for the trials. People did not have to choose one or the other and in Biblia Americana Mather looked at the Bible through a scientific perspective, the complete opposite of when he wrote The Christian Philosopher, in which he decided to approach science in a religious manner (Smolinksi 280-281). McQueen unveiled his collection on a runway with a blood-red pentagram in a pitch-dark room. The critical evidence of Mather’s zealous behavior comes later, during the trial execution of George Burroughs {Harvard Class of 1670}. Their primary duty was to obey their husbands and make sure that their husbands were always satisfied. Samuel Mather and 4 others. Brother of Maria Fifield; Elizabeth Byles; Nathaniel Mather; Sarah Walter; Rev. Mather became the chief defender of the trial, which diminished accounts of his earlier actions as a moderate influence. A smallpox epidemic struck Boston in May 1721 and continued through the year. In 1690 he became a member of the Corporation (probably the youngest ever chosen as Fellow) of Harvard College, and in 1707 he was greatly disappointed at his failure to be chosen president of that institution. Cotton Mather shared this general concern; and combined with New England’s lack of piety, Mather feared divine retribution. Father: Increase Mather (Puritan minister, b. One of the main reasons that Mather wrote about the witch trials was that he believed it would "encourage a spiritual awakening in the face of widespread religious complacency" (Hovey 532). The most important of these, Magnalia Christi Americana (1702), is composed of seven distinct books, many of which depict biographical and historical narratives which later American writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, Elizabeth Drew Stoddard and Harriet Beecher Stowe would look to in describing the cultural significance of New England for later generations following the American Revolution. This is not due to its merely being located in Salem, but because Samantha is a direct descendant of Cotton Mather, who is regarded as having “begun” the Salem Witch Trials centuries ago. [image of] The Mather tomb in Copp's Hill Cemetery, Boston. Mather aimed to combat materialism in New England. Mather believed that Biblia Americana was the best thing he had ever written, believing it to be his masterwork (Hovey 533). Cotton Mather was not known for writing in a neutral, unbiased perspective. Mather had three wives and often wrote about them in his diaries in not so flattering ways, even attributing his third wife, Lydia, with a mental illness historians question whether she had. Mather tried to convince others that philosophy and science could work together with religion instead of against it. He was remarkable for his godliness, his enthusiasm for knowledge, and his prodigious memory. Louisa May Alcott and her sisters Anna, Elizabeth and May were the great, great granddaughters of Judge Samuel Sewall. Lucille Ball, one of the Salem witch trials descendants, and Desi Arnaz, who was not. Thirteen years later, following the execution of a Boston woman named Sarah Threeneedles for killing her baby, Mather issued Pillars of Salt. Mather, being an ecclesiastical man, believed in the spiritual side of the world and attempted to prove its existence with stories of sea rescues, strange apparitions and witchcraft.

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