[citation needed], The price of food is affected to a certain degree by the use of maize for biofuel production. var dfpSlots = {}; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Mapuches of south-central Chile cultivated maize along with quinoa and potatoes in pre-Hispanic times; however, potato was the staple food of most Mapuches, "specially in the southern and coastal [Mapuche] territories where maize did not reach maturity". These attributes, however, may prove useful in using tropical maize for biofuels.[44]. In particular, the large-scale adoption of maize agriculture and consumption in eastern North America took place about A.D. 900. The pericarp of the fruit is fused with the seed coat referred to as "caryopsis", typical of the grasses, and the entire kernel is often referred to as the "seed". bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, It was cultivated in Spain just a few decades after Columbus's voyages and then spread to Italy, West Africa and elsewhere.[25]. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, However, in commodities trading, corn consistently refers to maize and not other grains. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Coarse maize meal is made into a thick porridge in many cultures: from the polenta of Italy, the angu of Brazil, the mămăligă of Romania, to cornmeal mush in the US (or hominy grits in the South) or the food called mieliepap in South Africa and sadza, nshima, ugali and other names in other parts of Africa. 'cap': true { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, I. }, It was used in the southwestern United States by about 3,200 years ago, and in the eastern United States beginning about 2,100 years ago. googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); It lacks the protein gluten of wheat and, therefore, makes baked goods with poor rising capability. Introduced into Africa by the Portuguese in the 16th century, maize has become Africa's most important staple food crop. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, Definition of Maize. Corn, (Zea mays), also called Indian corn or maize, cereal plant of the grass family and its ... Corn husks also have a long history of use in the folk arts for objects such as woven amulets and corn-husk dolls. Additionally, feed corn is sometimes used by hunters to bait animals such as deer or wild hogs. Sweet corn is harvested in the "milk stage", after pollination but before starch has formed, between late summer and early to mid-autumn. In the 2010/2011 marketing year, about 29.1 million tonnes of DDGS were fed to US livestock and poultry. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; In the United States, a good harvest was traditionally predicted if the maize was "knee-high by the Fourth of July", although modern hybrids generally exceed this growth rate. iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = maize"); The region developed a trade network based on surplus and varieties of maize crops. Individual knobs are polymorphic among strains of both maize and teosinte. maize from the Central Balsas River Valley, Mexico", National Academy of Sciences. [64][65] Grown since 1997 in the United States and Canada, 92% of the US maize crop was genetically modified in 2016[64][66] and 33% of the worldwide maize crop was GM in 2016. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, Penguin Academics, London. [39] Stands of silage maize are yet denser,[citation needed] and achieve a lower percentage of ears and more plant matter. [37] They are female inflorescences, tightly enveloped by several layers of ear leaves commonly called husks. "Bt maize" is widely grown in the United States and has been approved for release in Europe. pbjsCfg = { Learn a new word every day. [41] The magnitude of the influence that long nights have on the number of days that must pass before maize flowers is genetically prescribed[42] and regulated by the phytochrome system. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. },{ There are two major species of the genus Zea (out of six total): Zea mays (maize) and Zea diploperennis, which is a perennial type of teosinte. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, The program began in the 1980s. When it is used as a grain crop, the dried kernels are used as feed. }; This led to the 2007 harvest being one of the most profitable maize crops in modern history for farmers. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } },

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