Nutritive value of, Orwa, C.; Mutua, A.; Kindt, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Anthony, S., 2009. Stems were found to contain less than 10% DM of protein (Pathoummalangsy et al., 2008). Mexican sunflower leaf meal is rich in protein and, in Nigeria, has been assessed as a potential replacement for soybean meal in pig diets. In Nigeria, dried Tithonia leaves were included in the diet of breeding does without alteration of fertility or prolificacy, but the highest tested level was 7.2% of the diet (Ayodele et al., 2014). Vet. Sci., 91 (suppl. Feedipedia, a programme by INRAE, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. Herb. As a consequence, N excretion was higher and N retention was lower in growing goats fed withTithonia fed alone compared to Stylosanthes or jackfruit foliage fed alone (Nguyen Van Sao et al., 2010), or with Tithonia supplemented with cassava roots and/or mulberry foliage (Pathoummalangsy et al., 2008). World Agroforestry Centre, Kenya, Osuga, I. M. ; Abdulrazak, S. A. ; Ichinohe, T. ; Fujihara, T., 2006. Productivity of, Ayodele, A. E. ; Funmilayo, S. M. ; Adeniyi, A. 5%) may be used in situations if an economic benefit is required. However, Mexican sunflower is considered to be invasive in some parts of Africa and Australia, and in many Pacific islands (CABI, 2014; GISD, 2012). In Vietnam, several trials have assessed the potential of Tithonia diversifolia forage as a basal diet for growing goats. Sci., 1 (2): 39-45, Fasuyi, A. O. ; Ibitayo, F. J., 2011. A. ; Farinu, G. O. ; Akinola, J. O., 1996. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? J. Different practices have been reported: Mexican sunflower can be left to decompose on the field, or it can be turned into green manure (Olabode et al., 2007; Bot et al., 2001). Influence of dietary wild sunflower (, Odunsi, A. Is sunflower a herb or shrub? The flower petals within the sunflower's cluster are always in a spiral pattern. Global Invasive Species Database. Plant Soil Sci., 3 (12): 1567-1580, Naranjo, J. F. ; Cuartas, C. A. , 2011. Sunflowers also produce latex and are the subject of experiments to improve their suitability as an alternative crop for producing hypoallergenic rubber. In Sri Lanka, DM intake and OM digestiblity were higher with fresh Tithonia diversifolia fed alone than with Tithonia hay. There are many species of holly in the Americas and Asia, but yerba mate is indigenous to the mountains of northern Argentina, southeastern Brazil and Paraguay. This could be explained by the presence of terpenoids (sesquiterpene lactones) in the leaves (Dutta et al., 1986). In layers, performance was affected above 10% of the diet, with a significant reduction in feed conversion (Odunsi et al., 1996). Mexican sunflower is used for a variety of purposes: ornamental, fuel, compost, land demarcation, soil erosion control, soil remediation, building materials and shelter for poultry (CABI, 2014; Devide, 2013; Olabode et al., 2007). Performance evaluation of male weaner rabbits fed diets containing graded levels of blood-wild sunflower leaf meal mixture. Small ruminant management and feeding with high quality forages in the Caribbean. Last updated on February 22, 2016, 14:05, Feedipedia - Animal Feed Resources Information System - INRAE CIRAD AFZ and FAO © 2012-2020 | Copyright | Disclaimer | Editor login, Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value, Includes the leaves and variable amounts of stems and petioles, English correction by Tim Smith (Animal Science consultant) and Hélène Thiollet (AFZ), Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia), Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia), aerial part, fresh, Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia), aerial part, dried, Abeysekera, M. M. S. A. K. ; Robles, R. P., 1993. Sunflowers may also be used to extract toxic ingredients from soil, such as lead, arsenic and uranium. Rumen degradation and, Osuga, I. M. ; Abdulrazak, S. A. ; Muleke, C. I. ; Fujihara, T., 2012. J. Fodder potential for goats of twenty woody species in Trujillo state, Venezuela. Haematological and serum biochemical indices of pre-pubertal male rabbits fed with graded level of blood-wild sunflower forage meal mixture. Tithonia diversifolia foliage was found to have a high in sacco DM degradability with values well above 75% when harvested after 70 days of growth (Rosales, 1996; Mahecha et al., 2005; La O León et al., 2008; Naranjo et al., 2011). Does Jerry Seinfeld have Parkinson's disease? A. ; Akingbade, A. Techno Tips, 1(1), Pathoummalangsy, K. ; Preston, T. R., 2008. When did the Ancient Egyptians start believing in the afterlife? The sunflower seed is used for human food, and the sunflower leaf and seed can be used for livestock feed; therefore, the sunflower can be classified as an herb. A., 2007. The potential of, Delgado, D. C. ; Galindo, J. ; Gonzalez, R. ; Savon, L. ; Scull, I. ; Gonzalez, N. ; Marrero, Y. , 2010. It is adaptable to most soils. Comments (1) Fitotecnia, 1-29, Dutta, P. ; Bhattacharyya, P. R. ; Rabha, L. C. ; Bordoloi, D. N. ; Barua, N. C. ; Chowdhury, P. K. ; Sharma, R. P. ; Barua, J. N., 1986. It can grow from its subterranean stolons and forms dense stands that prevent the growth of young native plants (CABI, 2014). Evaluation of three dietary levels of wild sunflower (, Togun, V. A. ; Farinu, G. O. ; Olabanji, R. O., 2006. How many towns in the world are named Portland? Dried leaves of Tithonia diversifolia were used at up to 15-18% in compound diets for growing rabbits, without alteration of growth and slaughter characteristics (Adam, 2013; Nieves et al., 2010; Togun et al., 2006a). Afr. Rev. about 8% higher than alfalfa (Nieves et al., 2010). Mexican sunflower was used to control soil erosion in the Usambara mountains of Tanzania, but it was not as effective as Napier grass or Guatemala grass (Tripsacum andersonii) (Mwango et al., 2014). Especially in the midwestern USA, wild (perennial) species are often found in corn and soybean fields and can have a negative impact on yields. [3] Most cultivars are variants of H. annuus, but four other species (all perennials) are also domesticated. Mexican sunflower is a fast-growing plant that tolerates heat and drought and can rapidly form large herbaceous shrubs (CABI, 2014). Artemisia abrotanum, the southernwood, lad's love, or southern wormwood, is a species of flowering plants in the sunflower family.It is native to Eurasia and Africa but naturalized in scattered locations in North America.

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