Its name originates from Southsea Castle, a seafront castle built in 1544 by Henry VIII to help defend the Solent and Portsmouth Harbour. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162046', zoneId: '776322', position:'atf' }}, [81][82] The Portsea Improvement Commissioners installed gas street lighting throughout Portsmouth in 1820,[23] followed by Old Portsmouth three years later. Which is the right way to pronounce the name of the month Juni in German. By the early nineteenth century, the world's first mass-production line was set up in Portsmouth Dockyard's Block Mills; this made it the world's most industrialised site, and the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }}, [13] The city's Old English name, "Portesmuða", is derived from port (a haven) and muða (the mouth of a large river or estuary). The first Leigh Park housing estates were completed in 1949, although construction in the area continued until 1974. See more. The successful outcome of the war reaffirmed Portsmouth's significance as a naval port and its importance to the defence of British interests. [147][148][149][150] In the 2011 census, the city had 205,400 residents[147][151] a population density of 5,100 per square kilometre (0.4 sq. [171], The council is based in the civic offices, which house the tax-support, housing-benefits, resident-services, and municipal-functions departments. [394] It was purchased by TLRC, who relaunched the station in 2001 as the Quay;[395] Portsmouth Football Club became a stakeholder in 2007, selling it in 2009. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb7c220017', pos: 'old_leftslot_160x600' }}, [88] According to another source, the bombs were mistakenly dropped into the harbour rather than the dockyard. [47] Some historians believe that the Mary Rose turned too quickly and submerged her open gun ports; according to others, it sank due to poor design. description : 'Search Oxford Advanced Learner\'s Dictionary', [100] Although the estate has been under the jurisdiction of Havant Borough Council since the early 2000s, Portsmouth City Council remains its landlord (the borough's largest landowner). In 2000, Hampshire moved their home matches to the new Rose Bowl cricket ground in West End. }; [250][251] In 2013, it had about 23,000 students and over 2,500 staff members. }; var pbTabletSlots = [ All Rights Reserved. [300][301][302] The 560-foot (170 m) tower is visible at a distance of 23 miles (37 km) in clear weather, and its viewing platforms overlook the Solent (towards the Isle of Wight), the harbour and Southsea Castle. [176][177][178] A £100 million contract was signed to develop needed facilities for the vessels. It is the UK's second-busiest port (after Dover), handling about three million passengers a year. /*schulwoerterbuch_German-English The city has a number of famous ships, including HMS Warrior; the Tudor carrack Mary Rose, and Horatio Nelson's flagship HMS Victory (the world's oldest naval ship still in commission). url : 'american_english', [23][63] After the 28 April 1789 mutiny on the Bounty, HMS Pandora was dispatched from Portsmouth to bring the mutineers back for trial. The UK have ordered the Moderna vaccine? [140], Portsmouth has a mild oceanic climate, with more sunshine than most of the British Isles. description : 'Search Das Oxford Schulw\u00F6rterbuch', [19] Æthelwulf sent Wulfherd and the governor of Dorsetshire to confront the Danes at Portsmouth, where most of their ships were docked. The Victory was placed in permanent dry dock in 1922 when the Society for Nautical Research led a national appeal to restore her,[76] and 22 million people have visited the ship. The school system asked to set the bulk of it, roughly $2.9 million, aside for futu.. PORTSMOUTH, Va. (WAVY) – One person was sent to the hospital after crashing into a monument in Portsmouth early Saturday morning. url : 'academic', [118] Portsea Island, part of the Hampshire Basin,[119] is low-lying; most of the island is less than 3 metres (9.8 ft) above sea level. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 250] }}, [24][165] On 1 April 1974, it formed the second tier of local government (below Hampshire County Council);[166] Portsmouth and Southampton became administratively independent of Hampshire with the creation of the unitary authority on 1 April 1997. 'min': 31, [89] In 1929, the city council added the motto "Heaven's Light Our Guide" to the medieval coat of arms. [167] The city is divided into two parliamentary constituencies, Portsmouth South and Portsmouth North, represented in the House of Commons by Stephen Morgan of the Labour Party and Penny Mordaunt of the Conservative Party. /*english free: true 'max': 36, [362] P&O Ferries ended their service to Bilbao on 27 September 2010 due to "unsustainable losses". [407] Fantasy author Neil Gaiman grew up in Purbrook and Southsea. [274] Other tourist attractions include the Blue Reef Aquarium (with an "underwater safari" of British aquatic life)[275] and the Cumberland House Natural History Museum, housing a variety of local wildlife. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195396', size: [300, 250] }}, [111][112][page needed] Designed by Owen Luder as part of a project to "revitalise" Portsmouth in the 1960s, it consisted of a shopping centre, market, nightclubs, and a multistorey car park. [240] The resort is also the setting of the graphic novel The Tragical Comedy or Comical Tragedy of Mr. Punch by high fantasy author Neil Gaiman, who grew up in Portsmouth. [385][386], Portsmouth, Southampton and their adjacent towns are served primarily by programming from the Rowridge and Chillerton Down transmitters on the Isle of Wight,[387][page needed] although the transmitter at Midhurst can substitute for Rowridge. [169] Two councillors are independent. const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_HDX' }}, [48] Portsmouth's fortifications were improved by successive monarchs. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Oxford_Billboard' }}, iasLog("criterion : old_pc = dictionary"); [216] The Portsmouth Sinfonia approached classical music from a different angle during the 1970s, recruiting players with no musical training or who played an instrument new to them. More than 700 prefab houses were constructed between 1945 and 1947, some over bomb sites. {code: 'ad_leftslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'old_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/23202586/old_leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[160, 600]] } }, [123] The main channel entering Portsmouth Harbour, west of the island,[117][page needed] passes between Old Portsmouth and Gosport. [134] Other districts include North End and Fratton. [182][183] The shopping centre has 185,000 to 230,000 visitors weekly. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971157', delDomain: '' }}, } [139] Edinburgh Road contains the city's Roman Catholic cathedral and Victoria Park, a 15-acre (6.1 ha) park which opened in 1878. 'max': 8, Melville, R.V. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, Definition of portsmouth in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '220442', size: [300, 50] }}, [115] It has a South Western Railway rail connection, requiring a change at Southampton Central or Eastleigh. A Southsea street was renamed The Ocean at the End of the Lane by the city council in honour of Gaiman's novel of the same name. In Portsmouth, a down-ballot ticket-mate, county attorney candidate Joe Plaia, joined Maggie as she mingled with voters. }; HMNB Portsmouth, considered the home of the Royal Navy,[11][12] is the base for two-thirds of the UK's surface fleet. (i[r].q=i[r].q||[]).push(arguments)},i[r].l=1*new Date();a=s.createElement(o), Between 1865 and 1870, the council built sewers after more than 800 people died in a cholera epidemic; according to a by-law, any house within 100 feet (30 m) of a sewer had to be connected to it. [233], Portsmouth, inhabited largely by incestuous and necrophiliac criminals, is the main setting of Jonathan Meades' 1993 novel Pompey. storage: { [339] United Services Portsmouth F.C. The city forms part of the South Hampshire metropolitan area, which includes the nearby city of Southampton and the towns of Gosport, Fareham, Waterlooville, Havant and Eastleigh. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'old_btmslot' }}, Oxford Learner's Dictionaries Word of the Day, a city and port on the south coast of England. The large tidal inlet of Langstone Harbour is east of the island. Portsmouth's history can be traced back to Roman Britain. Southwick House, just north of the city, was the headquarters of Supreme Allied Commander Dwight D. [247][248], The University of Portsmouth was founded in 1992 as a new university from Portsmouth Polytechnic; in 2016, it had 20,000 students.

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